My Publications



(2015) Mod­el­ling Ana­lo­gical Change. A His­tory of Swedish and Frisian Verb Inflec­tion. PhD Thesis, Uni­versity of Groningen.

Journal Art­icles

(2014) “Rel­ative pro­ductivity poten­tials in Dutch verbal inflec­tion pat­terns” [$]. Folia Lin­guistica His­torica 35:1. 173–200.

(2014) “Explaining tense marking changes in Swedish verbs. An applic­a­tion of two ana­lo­gical com­puter models” [$]. Journal of His­tor­ical Lin­guistics 4:2. 192–231.

Book Chapters

(2016) Norde, Muriel & Oscar Strik. “Ana­logy, mul­tiple sources and con­struc­tional net­works: The Dutch Klukkluk Con­struc­tion”. In Anne Ban­nink & Wim Hon­se­laar (eds). From vari­ation to Icon­icity: Fest­s­chrift for Olga Fischer. Ams­terdam: Pegasus. 295–310.

(2014) “Sta­bility and Change in Strong Verb Inflec­tion between Old and Early Modern Frisian”. Bremmer Jr, Rolf H. & Stephen Laker & Oebele Vries (eds.). Dir­ec­tions in Old Frisian Philo­logy. Ams­terdam /  New York: Rodopi. 449–496.

(2012) “Ana­lo­gical Pat­terns in the Oslo Nor­we­gian Verb System”. Van der Liet, Henk & Muriel Norde (eds.). Lan­guage for its own sake. Essays on Lan­guage and Lit­er­ature offered to Harry Per­ridon. Ams­terdam: Scand­inav­isch Instituut Uni­versiteit van Ams­terdam. 33–58.

Book Reviews

(forth­coming) “Jes­sica Nowak. 2015. Zur Legit­im­a­tion einer 8. Ablautreihe”. Zeits­chrift für Rezen­sionen zur ger­man­istischen Sprac­h­wis­senschaft.


(2016-apr-07) “Ger­manic Strong and Weak Verbs: A Brief His­tory”. Junius Sym­posium, Leiden.

(2015-sep-03) “Playful ana­logy and verbal ablaut” [with Remco Knooi­huizen]. SLE 2015, Leiden.

(2015-jul-30) “The role of fre­quency in ana­lo­gical change” [with Arjen Versloot]. Fre­qeuncy met­rics in psycho- and soci­o­lin­guistics, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg.

(2014-dec-10) “The Evol­u­tion of Frisian Verb Inflec­tion”. Frysk Filo­lo­gekon­gres, Fryske Akademy, Leeuwarden.

(2014-nov-13) “sprutsen & skr­eaun. A his­tory of Frisian strong and irreg­ular verbs”. Sûker­bôlelêzing, Uni­versity of Groningen.

(2014-jun-12) “O: The his­tory of a Dutch past tense marker”. TABU-Dag, Uni­versity of Groningen.

(2013-dec-13) “Potentiële pro­ductiv­iteit van sterke en zwakke werkwoorden: Fries en Neder­lands in vergelijkend per­spectief”. Mor­pho­logy Days, Fryske Akademy, Leeuwarden.

(2013-sep-12) “Effects of Lan­guage Con­tact on Frisian Verb Mor­pho­logy and Syntax”. Mul­ti­lin­gual Fryslân, Uni­versity Col­lege Fryslân, Leeuwarden.

(2013-aug-09) “The Evol­u­tion of Verbal Inflec­tion in the Scand­inavian Lan­guages”. Inter­na­tional Con­fer­ence on His­tor­ical Lin­guistics, Uni­versity of Oslo.

(2013-aug-05) “Ana­logy and Fre­quency as Determ­in­ants of Vari­ation and Change in the Verb Sys­tems of Ger­manic Lan­guages”. Inter­na­tional Con­fer­ence on His­tor­ical Lin­guistics, Work­shop “Reor­gan­izing Gram­mat­ical Vari­ation”, Uni­versity of Oslo.

(2013-jun-13) “Ana­logy vs. Rules in Dutch Verbs” [with Remco Knooi­huizen]. TABU-Dag, Uni­versity of Groningen.

(2013-feb-09) “Ana­lo­gische ver­an­deringen in de verledentijds­vormen van de Ger­maanse talen”. TiN-dag, Utrecht Uni­versity.

(2012-jun-18) “Dif­ferent Dir­ec­tions: Mod­el­ling Changes in Verbal Tense Marking Classes in Ger­manic Lan­guages”. TABU Dag, Uni­versity of Groningen.

(2012-jun-13) “Vari­ational Pat­terns in the Tense Form­a­tion of Old and Middle Frisian Verbs”. Frysk Filo­lo­gekon­gres, Fryske Akademy, Leeuwarden.

(2012-jan-30) “Ana­lo­gical and soci­o­lin­guistic mod­el­ling approaches to tense marking changes in Swedish and Frisian”. Uni­versity of Groningen.

(2012-jan-14) “Ana­lo­gical mod­el­ling of tense marking changes in Swedish and Frisian”. Con­fer­ence on Mor­pho­lo­gical Com­plexity, British Academy, London.

(2011-dec-22) “Mod­el­ling Ana­lo­gical Changes in the Tense Marking of Old and (Early) Modern Swedish Verbs”. Mor­pho­logy Days, Rad­boud Uni­versity Nijmegen.

(2011-nov-4) “Ana­lo­gische pat­ronen in het Oudz­weedse werkwoord­sys­teem”. Farewell sym­posium for Anette Ölander, Uni­versity of Ams­terdam.


(2014-mar-28) “Verbal Inflec­tion Pat­terns in Frisian and Dutch” [with Remco Knooi­huizen & Ger­brich de Jong]. Soci­o­lin­guistics Circle, Uni­versity of Groningen.

(2013-jul-19) “Pro­ductivity of Dutch verbal inflec­tion pat­terns” [with Remco Knooi­huizen]. Lan­guage Diversity Con­gress, Uni­versity of Groningen.


Book Reviews

(2014-nov-19) “Nordic Larp”. First Person Scholar.

Selected Magazine Art­icles

See also my author page on The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2015-jul-29) “Card Games: The Digital Resur­gence And The Future”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2015-july) “Nat­ural Designs”. Five out of Ten 14.

(2015-july) “Beyond Baldur’s Gate”. Five out of Ten 14.

(2015-jun-28) “Walking the Planes 4: Philo­sophers with Clubs”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2015-jun-02) “What It’s Like To Play Mass Effect 3 Mul­ti­player”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2015-mar-24) “Pre­ludes to Ken­tucky Route Zero”. Unwinnable Weekly 37.

(2015-feb-26) “Walking the Planes 3: Plur­al­ities”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2014-nov-06) “Walking the Planes 2: A His­tory of the Planes in Dun­geons & Dragons”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2014-sep-01) “Walking the Planes 1: Intro­duc­tion”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2014-aug-15) “When My Ship Comes In”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2014-may-09) “An Ode to Objects”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2014-jan-21) “A Guest Beyond the Final Fron­tier”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2013-oct-17) “The Pos­sib­il­ities of Horror in Games”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2013-aug-29) “Time for a Story”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2013-july) “Isol­a­tion”. Five out of Ten 4.

(2013-july) “Go Tell the World”. Five out of Ten 4.

(2013-may-01) “Sanc­ti­fying Games”. The Onto­lo­gical Geek.

(2013-jan-25) “Ken­tucky Route Zero: Act One”. Gaming Daily.

(2013-jan-19) “Com­mu­nic­a­tion Impossib­il­ities”. Night­mare Mode.

(2012-dec-21) “What It’s Like to Play Plan­es­cape: Tor­ment”. Cul­tureRamp.

(2012-dec-11) “Walking The Path”. Gaming Daily.

(2012-nov-23) “Noctis: De Een­zaam­heid van de Nacht”. frnkfrt​.net.


See Evening of Light.


Journal Art­icles

(2015) “Scen­arios and the art of world­making” [with Joost M. Ver­voort, Roy Bendor, Ais­ling Kel­liher & Ari­ella E.M. Helfgott] [$]. Futures 74. 62–70.

Magazine Art­icles

(2013-feb-20) “Living Through Our Errors”. Cul­tureRamp.


(2006-jun-2) “Luftslottet og for­jet­tel­sens tinde. Følelse og beve­gelse i [Henrik Ibsen’s] Bygmester Sol­ness og Når vi døde vågner”. Scand­inavian Studies Days, Uni­versity of Ams­terdam.


(2014-jun-15) “Dode talen leven weer in Vogala”. In: Madoc 28:1. 60–61. [Review of the Android/iOS app Vogala, which presents audio record­ings of Middle Dutch and Old Frisian texts]

Magazine Issues

(2009) Broodjes aap & drakendoders. Over ver­telcul­tuur. In: Het Alledaagse leven. Tra­dities & trends in Neder­land 19. Zwolle: Waanders. [On Dutch storytelling cul­ture]

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